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Top 10 Mobile App Development Frameworks in 2023

By November 18, 2023January 24th, 2024Mobile Apps
best mobile app development framework

You are back from the office, watching your favorite movie on Netflix, feel tired, and quickly order your dinner from your favorite restaurant through Uber Eats– within minutes, the yummy food arrives at your doorsteps! This is a glance at how a mobile app-dependent life has transformed the way we live in this Internet-driven world.
Ever wondered what processes contribute to the development of mobile applications that make your life comfortable? Thousands of mobile app development frameworks play behind the scenes to get you everything at your fingertips. By 2023, the mobile app development market will reach $130 billion with a 14% CAGR.

Let’s take a deep dive into the best mobile app development frameworks and their specific uses in this blog post.

What is a Mobile App Framework?

Mobile applications are great ways to help companies grow their customer base. To create an app, you no more require complex programming languages. Many app development frameworks for Android and iOS exist to make the app development process quick.
A mobile app framework is a platform that comprises software, compilers, programming interfaces, and debugging tools to build applications. A developer uses a framework to aid the development of applications for specific devices and ecosystems.
Mobile app Frameworks fall into three core categories: Native frameworks that focus on platform-specific app development, mobile web app frameworks, as well as hybrid apps that combine the properties of the two frameworks.

Types of Mobile Application Frameworks

1. Native Apps

Native app development creates applications exclusively for specific mobile operating systems (iOS or Android) using platform-native languages like Flutter, React Native, Ionic, or Kotlin. Known for high performance and seamless user experiences, native apps fully utilize device capabilities. However, they require separate development for each platform, increasing time and cost.

2. Web Apps

Web apps are mobile-optimized websites accessed through a browser, eliminating the need for downloads or installations. Built with standard web technologies (HTML, CSS, JavaScript), they offer cross-platform compatibility but may have performance and feature limitations compared to native apps.

3. Hybrid Apps

Hybrid apps blend native and web elements, utilizing web technologies (HTML, CSS, JavaScript) within a native container for installation. Offering cost-effectiveness and streamlined cross-platform deployment, hybrid apps aim to balance web development advantages with native app performance. However, they may not match the performance level of fully native apps.

Each type of mobile app development framework has its advantages and considerations. The choice of framework depends on factors such as project requirements, target audience, budget, development timeline, and desired app performance. It’s important to carefully evaluate these factors to select the most suitable framework for your mobile app development project.

Why should you use a framework?

The framework gives you confidence in developing an app that adheres to the business specifications— structured, upgradable, and maintainable.

The developer doesn’t have to worry about how to create a mobile app or work for days on the development of generic components. With the time saved, more specific components can be looked into, to build a quality-centric and sustainable code.

The framework works around the longevity of the applications you use. It gives the developer the capability to make an application and maintain and upgrade it neatly.

Mobile app frameworks contribute to your business with the following advantages:

  • Developers can use a piece-by-piece allocation of work with the framework componentization.
  • Design reusability that triggers the quality of code and ensures reduced app development costs.
  • Customization to implement the needs of the business.
  • Encapsulation process that offers security and helps the access of control components.
  • Rapid app development with predefined interactions among various classes to form templates.

Things to check before choosing a mobile app development framework

One usual question that revolves around the minds of businesses would be ‘Which is the best framework for mobile app development?’ To choose the best mobile app development framework, you should consider the following elements:

Design and User Interface

Before you choose a mobile app development framework, you need to think about the user interface. With a framework, the developers can easily consider the business needs and choose the ideal UI parameters.

Mobile app development partner

Many vendors offer framework and assistance to key you to build the applications. However, it is safe when you fetch the most reliable and top mobile app development company that can bring a desirable impact to your business.

Open/closed Ecosystem

Various platforms exist from which you can choose to use while developing the mobile app. You might need a platform that is convenient and flexible in terms of performance and ease of use. Based on the business functionalities you can opt for an open or closed ecosystem.

Team of experts

An app development process is complete only with an expert staff and skilled personnel. It is crucial to go for a framework that the existing team can handle without any risks. Mobile app developers also should be able to find the best ways to make the monetization of mobile apps possible.

Now, let’s refocus and explore a variety of prominent Mobile App Development Frameworks in 2023 designed to enhance the efficiency and convenience of building mobile applications.

Top Mobile App Development Frameworks


List of  Top Mobile App Development Frameworks in 2023

Here are cutting-edge mobile application development frameworks that prove beneficial for users on both Android and iOS platforms.

#1 Flutter

Flutter is an open-source framework from Google, which helps to develop the native iOS and Android apps with a single codebase. They extend cross-platform app development to give a unique feel to the apps. With an unparalleled and reliable UI framework, Flutter speeds up the app development process. It includes rendering engine, widgets, testing, and integrating APIs to assist developers in building visually pleasing mobile apps. The apps that use Flutter include those from Google and Alibaba.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • When you need to use a single codebase
  • For a faster and manageable debugging process
  • If you wish to save money, time, and effort on app development
  • Not ideal for applications and games for specific device functions
  • If you look for light weighed apps
  • If the developers deal with already known languages since Flutter demands new programming language

#2 React Native

React Native is an open-source framework from Facebook and remains the top choice of developers for cross-platform app development. With React native, you can seamlessly develop both iOS and Android mobile apps. React Native includes component-specific GUI development to build front-end apps, third-party plugin integration, reusable components, etc. The brands like Amazon Prime, Airbnb, and Skype use React Native framework.

Framework When to use When not to use
React Native
  • When a developer needs to view code changes instantly
  • When you need to use the existing developer team
  • When you need a time saver framework with readymade components for the process
  • If you need an easy testing process, the framework makes it challenging.
  • If you wish to build complex applications, debugging could be hard

#3 Xamarin

This is an open-source framework that helps the development of high-performing iOS, Android, watchOS, and tvOS apps. The framework lets businesses offer native performance through C# and .NET programming languages. It helps developers to create an ecosystem that includes back ends, APIs, components, etc. with programming languages, libraries, and tools that an active community supports.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • Build even UI for all platforms
  • Near-native app experience
  • To share codebase across all platforms
  • Developers not aware of the native languages i.e.; Java & Kotlin (Android), Objective C (iOS)
  • If you look for inexpensive options
  • If you require low space app sizes

#4 Swiftic

This is a Do-It-Yourself mobile app platform that makes it effortless for every business to develop applications specifically for the company. Swiftic lets the programmers integrate the existing material from the Web instead of beginning from scratch, to streamline the app development process. This robust mobile app development framework offers a high-end user experience with features like push notifications, app advertising, and other technological advancements. Being one of the simplest solutions for mobile app development, it lets you create, launch, and expand the app utilizing a centralized control panel.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • When you need free building access, with pay to launch
  • If you need an Apple App Store assistance
  • For an intuitive system that consists of app scheduling, app order, and advanced analytics
  • If you search for team management login feature
  • If you expect API and other advanced features, they are missing

#5 Ionic

Built using Apache Cordova and Angular, Ionic is an open-source framework that lets developers build iOS and Android apps. The significant benefit of Ionic is that it assists developers in using various UI elements like forms, filters, views, actions sheets, navigation menus, etc. in the application design. This is an end-to-end framework that helps developers to enjoy the benefits of Progressive Web Apps (PWAs), cross-platform mobile applications, and hybrid mobile applications.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • If you look for a time and cost saving framework
  • To work on the Ionic apps only
  • When you have less workforce for mobile app development
  • When you need a high performing app compared to native apps
  • If you wish great graphics processing

#6 Jquery Mobile

Being a hybrid mobile app development framework, it aids the development of apps, generally platforms independently. It uses HTML and JavaScript libraries to build responsive sites that operate on various tablets, smartphones, etc. It uses the HTML5-based framework and unique Theme Roller for custom theme development that triggers mobile & web applications. There are both stable and customized versions available for JQuery Mobile.

Framework When to use When not to use
JQuery Mobile
  • To write clean & unique code for cross platform and cross device
  • If you need to build themes with no lines of code
  • To make development easy with HTML5 and JavaScript
  • Custom designs that need complex overwriting tasks
  • If you need a fast-performing app compared to native mobile apps

#7 NativeScript

NativeScript is a versatile cross-platform mobile app development framework that enables developers to create native applications for both iOS and Android using familiar web technologies like JavaScript and TypeScript. With seamless integration of frameworks such as Angular and Vue.js, it offers direct access to native APIs, ensuring optimal performance and a native user experience for diverse mobile applications.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • You need to build truly native iOS and Android apps with maximum performance
  • You want native look and feel without writing Objective-C or Java code
  • You need access to native APIs and device capabilities
  • You need fully customizable UI code and do not use Angular or Vue
  • Your app uses many platform-specific SDKs or third-party libraries
  • You want to reuse large amounts of existing Swift/Objective-C or Java code

#8 Kotlin

Kotlin is a modern and concise programming language used for mobile app development. Endorsed by Google for Android development, Kotlin offers interoperability with Java, making it seamless for developers to transition. Known for its conciseness and reduced boilerplate code, Kotlin enhances productivity. With strong type inference and null safety, it provides a robust foundation for building efficient, scalable, and maintainable mobile applications on the Android platform.

Framework When to use When not to use
  • You are targeting Android and want to use a modern language with full Java compatibility
  • You want to leverage Kotlin extensions for faster Android development
  • You want coroutines for asynchronous programming
  • Platform agnostic code sharing is a priority over Android specificity
  • You need extensive low-level programming control
  • You want maximized runtime performance over developer productivity

#9 Apache Cordova

Apache Cordova simplifies mobile app development by enabling the use of standard web technologies—HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This open-source framework allows developers to create cross-platform applications, eliminating the need for separate codebases. With a single codebase, Cordova supports various platforms, including iOS and Android, facilitating streamlined development. Its versatility and accessibility make it an excellent choice for building hybrid mobile applications with a consistent user experience across different devices.

Framework When to use When not to use
Apache Cordova
  • You want to build cross-platform apps with web languages like HTML, CSS and JavaScript
  • Your budget is limited and you prioritize fast development
  • You want access to device hardware like camera, GPS, etc.
  • Native look and feel is a priority over cross-platform flexibility
  • You need highly complex or graphic-intensive application interfaces
  • Your app requires maximum speed and real-time responsiveness

#10 Mobile Angular UI

Mobile Angular UI is a dynamic mobile app development framework based on AngularJS. It streamlines the creation of responsive and feature-rich mobile applications by offering a set of customizable UI components. With seamless integration with Bootstrap and AngularJS, developers can effortlessly design visually engaging interfaces. This framework prioritizes performance, delivering a smooth and interactive user experience on mobile devices, making it a valuable tool for building modern and engaging mobile applications.

Framework When to use When not to use
Mobile Angular UI
  • You want to build mobile apps with Angular and web technologies
  • You need responsive, adaptive UI components tailored for mobile
  • You are building a web app and mobile companion app sharing code
  • You need native mobile performance and device access
  • You want mobile app UI flexibility outside of web techniques
  • You are only building for one mobile platform, not web + mobile


Our mobile app development experts have picked up the aforementioned mobile app development frameworks after considerable thought on the most useful frameworks for 2023. If you have ideas on app development for your business, it is now the time to proceed with the development phase.

Need to integrate your business operations using mobile applications? BitCot has got your back, with strategies to build mobile applications for your business with the best app development frameworks. Be in touch with our reliable developers, who take care of building engaging and user-friendly applications with quick load times.


Raj Sanghvi

Raj Sanghvi is a technologist and founder of BitCot, a full-service award-winning software development company. With over 15 years of innovative coding experience creating complex technology solutions for businesses like IBM, Sony, Nissan, Micron, Dicks Sporting Goods, HDSupply, Bombardier and more, Sanghvi helps build for both major brands and entrepreneurs to launch their own technologies platforms. Visit Raj Sanghvi on LinkedIn and follow him on Twitter. View Full Bio

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