In the ever evolving landscape of web application development, choosing a scalable and reliable web application architecture and stack is very important in building a dynamic web application. There are several choices from the barrage of Model View Controller (MVC) frameworks across different languages.
Ruby on Rails has emerged to be one of the top choices and one of the most popular open source web application framework and there are hundreds of thousands of application built with the framework since its release in 2004 and some of the big name names are Airbnb, GitHub, Shopify, Twitch, SoundCloud, Hulu, Basecamp, Zendesk, Square, SlideShare, Dribble, Kickstarter, SendGrid, Groupon.
Rails provide a lot of libraries(gems) that will help in building a scalable application, here are a few of the most used gems:
Devise – Authentication
Capistrano – Deployment
sass-rails – integration for sass stylesheet language.
Geocoder – complete geocoding solution
Sidekiq – background processing
- Unmatched durability, availability and scalability
- Easy, flexible data transfer
- Flexible management
- Most comprehensive security and compliance capabilities
- Data lakes and Big Data analytics
- Data Archiving
- Backup and Recovery
The core components of any modern web application stack includes as follows;
Server-Side or Back-end
The server side programming or back-end code is where most of the business logic code resides. HTTP request from the browser is passed to server side and server-side code responds to these HTTP requests as a HTTP Response. JSON has become a standard in returning. Most of the Create, Read, Update, Delete (CRUD) operations are performed on different data models on the server side. A lot of core application security features such as authentication, access is handled in server-side along with several core components of a web application. The business logic is generally written in the controller layer and is responsible for handling the incoming HTTPS requests and sending a response. Rails Controllers can generate XML, JSON, PDFs, Mobile Views as responses and more.
Restful API is a lightweight process of communication between web-based client and server and replaced RPC and SOAP which were used in the past. Rails provides easy tooling for defining endpoints in the form of routes.
It can be understood that rails helps developers to build websites and applications as it improves the efficiency by simplifying repetitive tasks. The major factors of a web applications including client-side, server-side and APIs can be implemented relatively quickly as Rails does most of the work for us!